Baby basil is planted in PVC piping through which nutrient-infused water flows at regular intervals at a hydroponics farm in Nevada. This week, the National Organic Standards Board is set to vote on whether foods grown hydroponically can be sold as "certified organic."

Unlike the traditional methods of farming, hydroponics employs a technique in which plants are grown in water solution as opposed to soil. In the normal sense, plants survive by the nutrients found in soil as opposed to the sol itself. Therefore, scientists developed a system where plants can be grown in water solutions. Water is needed when growing plants in the garden because it can dissolve nutrients that are found in it. From there, the roots of these plants can be able to absorb them.  Therefore, it is possible to artificially introduce these nutrients into plants through their water supply. The good news is that all plants can be able to grow using this method.

There are many advantages and disadvantages of hydroponic and in this article; I shall try to pinpoint them so that you can have a better understanding of this farming method.

The advantages include:

  • Less growing space and time is required. With hydroponics, you can grow many plants in a small area thereby saving a lot of space. What you have to ensure is that the plants are getting the required amount s of nutrients from the water. There are many growth tents available in the market and you can purchase them depending on your needs.
  • You can be able to cut down on your water costs because the water that remains in the system can be re-used. This improves your earnings from farming as a result of the reduced operation costs.
  • Unlike soil farming, hydroponic supplies cuts down on gardening and farming activities. With this new type of farming, you will no longer need to do some gardening since there no weeds. In addition, pest control becomes practical since you have a controlled environment for growing plants.
  • Higher yields. Since you can control the amount of nutrients that you provide to your plants, you have a higher chance of getting better yields. In addition, plants grown in hydroponic environments are exposed to the optimum growing conditions possible.
  • Lower nutrition costs. Since you can be able to control the amount of nutrients supplied to the plants, you can avoid wastage. This enables you to lower your nutrition costs and therefore cut down on the input and operational costs of your farming business.
  • You can avoid pests and diseases because hydroponic containers are more mobile. Incase there is a pest infestation; you can move your plants into a greenhouse where you can use pesticides to kill off the insects and pests. This can reduce crop wastage and damage due to pests.
  • Lastly, the crops have no competition with pests. This enables them to enjoy all the nutrients available.

Disadvantages

  • You need to be highly skilled to operate them
  • High amount of capital in needed to establish a hydroponic farm